Living History Farms

History of Party

March 20, 1854
First Republican Party meeting in Ripon, Wisconsin

January 1, 1863
President Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation

January 31, 1865
Republican-controlled 38th Congress passes the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery

June 13, 1866
With unanimous Republican support and against intense Democrat opposition, Congress passes the 14th Amendment

March 1, 1872
Republican-controlled 42nd Congress establishes Yellowstone as first national park

December 9, 1872
First African-American governor, Pinckney Pinchback (R-LA), inaugurated

March 4, 1917
First woman in Congress, Rep. Jeannette Rankin (R-MT), sworn in

June 4, 1919
Republican-controlled 66th Congress
passes the 19th Amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote

June 2, 1924
Republican-controlled 68th Congress and President Calvin Coolidge grant citizenship to Native Americans with the Indian Citizenship Act

December 7, 1928
First Hispanic U.S. Senator, Senator Octaviano Larrazolo (R-NM), sworn in

January 3, 1949
Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) becomes the first woman to serve in both the Senate and the House of Representatives.

May 17, 1954
Brown v Board of Education strikes down racial segregation in public schools; majority decision written by Chief Justice Earl Warren, former Republican governor (CA) and vice presidential nominee

August 21, 1959
First Asian-American U.S. Senator, Hiram Fong (R-HI), is seated

September 9, 1957
President Dwight Eisenhower signs the 1957 Civil Rights Act

June 10, 1964
Senate passes the 1964 Civil Rights Act when the Republican leader, Everett Dirksen (R-IL), defeats Democrat filibuster

September 25, 1981
Sandra Day O’Connor, appointed by President Reagan, becomes first woman on the Supreme Court

June 12, 1987
President Ronald Reagan calls for liberation of East Europeans from Communism with “Tear Down This Wall” speech

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